Ancient World: Ancient Indian Construction Techniques

A Journey into the Ancient and Mysterious World Of Most Amazing Indian Temples.

Ancient World: Ancient Indian Construction Techniques

When we look at the history of architecture in ancient temples and sculptures in India, often think of the history of construction tools, methods and how things were built. People have constructed buildings and other structures since prehistory, including bridges, amphitheaters, dams, roads and canals. Building materials in present use have a long history and some of the structures built thousands of years ago are regarded as remarkable. The history of construction overlaps that of structural engineering and many other fields.

To understand why things were constructed the way they were in prehistory, we also need to rely on archaeology to record the form of the parts that survive and the tools used, and other branches of history and architecture to investigate how the builders lived and recorded their accomplishments.

1. Advanced Ancient Micro Drilling Technology in India | Ancient Mysteries

Ancient Indian Rock Cutting Technology
A careful examination of the sculptures in Indian Temples and the Monuments built by Indian Kings reveal more about Indian way of Life and their scientific advancements.

One may also learn about the instruments they had used in executing these marvels of Architecture.

The 180 tons of single Granite Kalasam atop the Thanjavur Brahadeeswra Temple,

How did the people find such a single piece in a terrain devoid of Mountains?

How did they transport it, considering the fact that they had only carts and Horses?

And how did they move that single piece to the top of the Temple Tower?

We also find that there are astronomically aligned temples, structures where Sun/Moon light falls on a specific place at a specific time on a specific day.

Now in many a temple we find minute holes in the Idols and structures.

In Suchindram,Tamil Nadu, one would find that if one were to insert a long piece of thin iron rod in one year of the Idol of Hanuman, it comes out from the other side!

In Many Shiva temples one would find a small hole drilled behind the Idol in the sanctum, through which sir blows.

One can see this, among many temples, in Kalahasthi, Earth Element temple of Lord Shiva.

Most of the ancient monuments at Mahbalipuram in Tamil Nadu,one can see the Micro drilling technology at work.

Perfect circle has been made.

Minute holes are found in hard Granite.

This is not possible without advanced drilling technology which came to the world, according to the west very recently.

2. Krishna's Butter Ball | Advanced Ancient Technology | Ancient Mysteries #2

3. Optical Illusion Carved 1300 Years Ago - at Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu, India.

4. Ancient Drilling Technology - Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu, India.

Advanced Ancient Drilling Technology in India | Ancient Mysteries #1

5. Advanced Ancient Technology - documented evidence of evolution on 1600 year old monument in India

6. 600 year Old Unfinished Marriage Hall at Lepakshi Temple

7. 600 year Old Optical illusion carving at Lepakshi - 3 Faced Cow

8. Mysterious Hanging Pillar of Lepakshi Temple

9. 600 Year Old Sculpture: Biggest Granite Monolithic Nandi Sculpture in the World at Lepakshi

10. Tsunami Temple | Shore Temple | Monuments Of Mahabalipuram

Tsunami uncovers ancient sculptures in Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu.
The December 2004 tsunami, which battered much of the south Indian coast, has helped unearth priceless relics in the ancient port city of Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu.

11. Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram

Dating back to the 7th century, the Shore Temple of Mahabalipuram is the oldest rock-cut wonder to reckon with. Making it even more unique is the fact that Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu reside here together. In fact, it is the only temple in India where Lord Vishnu is found reclining on the floor enjoying the sea waves. All other temples have Lord Vishnu in a standing position.

The layout of the temple is patterned after the perfect cosmic body. It was believed that Shore temple is one of the seven temples that were built along the coastline but it was just a story until 2004 Tsunami unearthed remanants of sister structures that are now being dug up by archaeologists.

A huge rock wall protects the Shore Temple from further erosion. Don't miss the temple in the evenings when floodlights bring back its grandeur full force!

The Shore Temple on the Bay of Bengal was constructed
in the 7th century during the rule of King Narsimha-Varman II Rajasimha (c. 690-728).
It consists of two sanctuaries dedicated to Shiva.
The site was slightly damaged by the 2006 Asian tsunami.

12. Descent of the Ganges - Arjuna's Penance | Mahabalipuram | Ancient Monuments #5

Arjuna's Penance - This 1300 year old ancient Indian sculpture at Mahabalipuram Shows Shape shifting Reptilians & Ancient Astronauts.

13. Ancient Mysteries - Amazing Video Of Growing Nandi | Yaganti Basavaiah

According to Potuluri Veera Brahmendra swamy, the Basavanna (stone nandi) of Yaganti will come alive and shout when Kali Yuga ends.

It is said that people used to do Pradakshinas (rounds) around it in the past. The temple staff has already removed one pillar as the size of the Nandi has increased.

The devotees believe that the Nandi ( Bullock , Lord Shiva's) idol in front of the temple is continuously increasing its size. The locals say that the idol was initially much smaller than its present size. They say that certain experimentation was carried out on this idol and it was said that the type of rock out of which the idol is carved has a growing or enlarging nature associated with it. As per Archaeological Survey of India the rock grows at the rate of 1 inch per 20 years (10 mm per 8 years).

14. Temple Tour - Yaganti Sri Uma Maheswara Temple, Growing Nandi, Agastya Pushkarini, Yaganti Caves

Yaganti is one of the most famous Shiva Temple is Andhra Pradesh state. The temple dates back to 5th and 6th centuries with contributions from Pallavas, Cholas, Chalukyas and Vijayanagara rulers. The temple received significant contribution from Vijayanagara Kings Harihara & Bukka Rayalu, who finished the construction of several structures in and around the temple.

The Uma Maheshwara Temple at Yaganti houses the idol of Shiva & Parvathi (Ardhanareeswara) carved out of a single stone. This is probably the only place where Lord Shiva is worshipped in an idol form instead of Shiva Linga. It is believed that Sage Agastya performed penance for Lord Shiva at this place and requested Shiva to appear in Ardhanareeswara form which is worshipped here. Another unique feature of the temple is Nandi statue which has been growing in the size.

Yaganti is located in Yerramala hills that offer immense natural beauty and unique setting to the locality. There are a several natural caves in the hills around the temple which were home for several saints throughout the ages, including that of Great Telugu saint and astrologer Potuluri Veera Brahmam Garu.

An amazing feature of this temple is its Pushkarini with very pure water. No one knows how the water flows into Pushkarini in all the seasons. Devotees consider that a bath in the holy Pushkarini before visiting Shiva is highly beneficial.

As per legend, crows do not fly in Yaganti. When Sage Agastya was meditating here, Kakasura, king of crows disturbed him from his meditation so, he cursed the crows not to enter the premises. Thus, Shani also can't enter this place as crow is the vehicle of Shani.

15. Temple Tour #2 - Agastya Pushkarini at Yaganti Temple

Agastya Pushkarini is a small pond situated towards northern side of the sanctum of Uma Maheshwara Temple. Water flows into this Pushkarini from the bottom of hill through the mouth of a Nandi (bull). The water is fresh and sweet, as it comes from the hills.

No one knows how the water reaches the pond all year round and this temple architecture in terms of its sculpture shows the skills of ancient Vishwakarma Sthapathis.

The water in the pond are considered sacred and pilgrims should not keep the feet in the pond. There is a small stone mandapa with a gopura at the pond which has nice carvings on the pillars.

The water is accumulated in Agastya Pushkarini from the surrounding hills before it flows into the main temple Pushkarini. The water source is originated at a place called Mucherla which is about 15 kms from Yagati. The water flows through the hills of Yerramala and reach the Pushkarini here. Sage Agastya wanted to check the source of water and he mixed turmeric and saffron powder at Mucherla and identified that the same water flows into the stream here in Yaganti, this the pond is named after sage Agastya.

16. 600 Year Old Mural Paintings in India | Lepakshi Temple

Complete video of 600 year old mural paintings depicting the epic stories of the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the Puranas in the ceiling of Mukha mantapa (is also known as Natya mantapa) at Veerabhadra Temple, Lepakshi.

The ceiling of the hall is fully covered with mural paintings depicting the scenes from the epics, the Mahabharata, the Ramayana, and the Puranas along with the life sketches of the benefactors of the temple. The paintings in each bay on the ceiling of the main mandapa, the antarala and other shrines, depict the grandeur of Vijayanagara pictorial art. They are painted over an initial plaster layer of lime mortar. The colour scheme consists of vegetable and mineral colours of yellow, ochre, black, blue and green blended with lime water; the background is generally painted in red colour. Apart from figures of gods and goddesses, in the presence of the devotees arranged in rows, the frescoes also depict the incarnations of Vishnu. The paintings are in striking compositions where the particular emphasis is on the period costumes and facial expressions.

The fresco in the ceiling of ardha mantapa (ante chamber), which is said to be Asia's largest, measures 23 by 13 feet (7.0 m x 4.0 m). It has frescoes of the 14 avatars of Lord Shiva as: Yogadakshinamurthy, Chandes Anugraha Murthy, Bhikshatana, Harihara, Ardhanarishwara, Kalyanasundara, Tripurantaka, Nataraja, Gouriprasadaka, Lingodhbava, Andhakasurasmahara and so forth.

The fresco paintings are particularly detailed in very bright dresses and colours with scenes of Rama and Krishna from the epic stories of the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the Puranas and they are well preserved.

17. Wonders Of Mahabalipuram | UNESCO World Heritage site

Mahabalipuram is known for its monolithic rock structures - monuments and temples - each carved out of one rock! Legend is that artisans would sit on top of a rock and carve out a temple from top to bottom unlike the conventional practice where the top is built at the end. Arjuna's Penance, Mahishasurmardini Cave temple, Adhivarha Cave Temple, Tiger's Cave, Pancha Ratha and the Shore temple are some of the famous monuments that should not be missed. Every one of these comes with an awe-inspiring tale that adds to the experience of being there. However, the Shore temple stands out with its brilliant Pallava architecture and masterful carvings, although most of it has gradually eroded away.

Discover the Ancient Monuments of Mahabalipuram in this video.

With its historical monuments, architectural stories, mysterious caves, Mahabalipuram does full justice to its UNESCO World Heritage site title courtesy the magnificent line of ancient stone carvings that both impress and intrigue.

The 7th century erstwhile port city is famous for its rock-cut shore temples. Monolithic rock carved temples are refreshingly uncluttered, unlike later grandiose Dravidian architecture and tower over the waves behind a protective breakwater.

A lone lighthouse on a hill watches over a group of temples below.

Group of Monuments Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram), Tamil Nadu.

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